Arkema always conducts in-depth analyses of data in existing literature, thanks to constant tracking of information on Group substances, in order to use all the available public information.
The Group does not conduct toxicology studies on vertebrate animals other than those required by the authorities and only after an in-depth analysis and application of up-to-date existing public information on the substances in question. The necessary studies are contracted to outside laboratories which are subject to oversight by the relevant ethics committees.
In addition, Arkema participates in the work of FRANCOPA, a French platform dedicated to the development, validation and dissemination of alternative animal testing methods, using the 3Rs (reduction, refinement, replacement), to which the Group adheres. It applies the 3R approach in all the studies it conducts.