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Glossary

Carbon footprint

The carbon footprint of a product or an entity is a method which allows estimating its greenhouse gases emissions. It takes into account the primary energy used in the product manufacturing process and the final energy from its use.

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

Chemical oxygen demand, or COD, refers to the quantity of oxygen needed to break down the organic matter present in water. It is an indicator of the pollutant loading of wastewater.

EFPI

EFPI stands for Environmental Footprint Performance Indicator. Those are intensive indicators, i.e. they are environmental data expressed as relative to a production and a baseline year. This methodology allows a better monitoring of Arkema's environmental impact. It limits the effects due to an increase or a decrease of production, a change of the activity perimeter or in the calculus or estimation methodology of an environmental data.

Greenhouse gases (GHG)

GHG are naturally present in the earth atmosphere and contribute to partially trap inside the atmosphere infrareds (which are the vectors of heat) retransmitted by the earth. The anthropogenic emissions are disturbing the natural equilibrium and cause a global warming. Usually expressed in metric ton equivalent of CO2, GHG are a wide family of chemical compounds which can have a big global warming potential (GWP). For example, methane has a GWP of 25 times CO2’s.

High Production Volume Chemical Initiative (HPV)

HPV is a joint initiative of ICCA and OECD. It aims to draw a cartography of chemicals' toxicity based on 6 categories. Companies with a high level of chemicals production are responsible of toxicity data collection or conduct more tests in case of necessity.

Learn more about HPV.

International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA)

The International Council of Chemical Associations is the trade association of the chemical industry at the level of the world. It has been to the origin of the worldwide extension of the Responsible Care® program launched in 1985 by the Canadian Chemical Producers' Association in Canada. ICCA foster a vision of a chemical industry which is environment friendly, and which positively impact the economy and civil society. 

Suspended Solids (SS)

SS are fine particles, visible to the naked eye, responsible for water's turbidity. Water which is charged in SS appears turbid and coloured. In a too high quantity, SS may cause asphyxia of aquatic organisms.

Tropospheric ozone

Tropospheric ozone is a highly potent oxidizing agent and thus a major air pollutant above a significant concentration. In humans, it can cause eye, mucous membranes and upper respiratory tracts irritation.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)

Volatile organic compounds are pollutant with an organic origin, i.e. they contain at least one carbon atom. VOC group gathers a very large range of product which are in a vaporous form in the atmosphere. The VOCs contribute to form tropospheric ozone which is a major air pollutant

VOC originate, for a large majority, from combustion phenomena, fuel evaporation and volatile solvents present in paints, glues or inks.

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